presented by Kristen L. Mauk
Various theories and models related to rehabilitation nursing that can guide practice and promote positive patient outcomes are presented in this course. Major nursing theories, as well as those from other disciplines (including developmental, behavioral, cognitive, and personality theories), will be addressed. The ARN Professional Nursing Practice Competency Model, developed by a team of experts to help guide nursing practice in the specialty of rehabilitation, is briefly introduced. Examples of practical application of these theories and models through scenarios are given and illustrated.
Dr. Mauk has been a Professor of Nursing for many years. Prior to moving to Colorado, she was a Professor of Nursing at a large private university in Indiana for nearly 25 years, and there she held the first Kreft Endowed Chair for the Advancement of Nursing Science, a position dedicated to gerontological nursing. She earned a BSN from Valparaiso University, an MS in Adult Health from Purdue University, a PhD from Wayne State University, a Post-Master’s GNP certification from University of Virginia, and a Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) degree from Valparaiso University. Dr. Mauk has 37 years of experience in chronic illness nursing, rehabilitation, and gerontological nursing and teaches in these specialties at both the graduate and undergraduate levels. She is certified in rehabilitation, as a gerontological nurse practitioner and clinical nurse specialist. She has authored or edited eight books, including three that were recognized with an AJN Book of the Year Award. She has served on editorial boards for Rehabilitation Nursing and Geriatric Nursing and has written numerous articles and book chapters. Dr. Mauk is a frequent presenter at conferences at the regional, national, and international levels. She is the Co-Founder and President of Senior Care Central/International Rehabilitation Consultants, providing educational, clinical, and legal nurse consulting in rehabilitation and senior care in the U.S. and internationally. Dr. Mauk is also a past president of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses (ARN) and has served ARN in many roles, most significantly including the Council of Leaders, Editor of the 5th edition of the Core Curriculum, PRN course faculty, the task force to develop the ARN Professional Rehabilitation Nursing Competency Model, and Editor-in-Chief of Rehabilitation Nursing. Some of Dr. Mauk’s recognitions include: Suzanne Smith INANE Mentoring Editors Award (2017), Nominee for the 2016 National Robert Foster Cherry Award for Great Teachers, three AJN Book of the Year Awards (2017, 2010, & 1999), CASE/Carnegie Indiana Professor of the Year (2007), VU Caterpillar Award for Excellence in Teaching (2007), ARN Educator Role Award (2007), and the ARN Distinguished Service Award (2005). Dr. Mauk has taught nurses and students in China over the past few years. She has a passion for helping other countries to develop rehabilitation nursing into a strong specialty to promote quality care for their aging populations and those with disabilities.
Theories provide a blueprint or framework from which to view practice. Such theories and associated models can be helpful in understanding patient behavior and give guidance in developing appropriate nursing interventions. In this chapter, some major nursing theories will be summarized, including those from King, Roy, Rogers, Neuman, and Orem.
Nursing theories alone do not explain the wide range of human behavior and development seen in diverse groups, so examining the contributions of other disciplines can add to the nurse’s knowledge. This chapter introduces the model set forth by the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses (ARN) for professional rehabilitation nursing competency. The four domains and associated competencies are mentioned within three levels of proficiency (beginner, intermediate, and advanced). Practical examples of application of the model are provided. Related theories in areas of behavior, cognition, social learning, and psychology are also presented to promote better comprehensive assessment in rehabilitation.